Carol Dweck, Ph.D., is a world-renowned Stanford University psychologist and one of the world’s leading researchers in the field of achievement and success. Her 2006 book, Mindset: The New Psychology of Success, has been influential in shaping our understanding of why brains and talent alone don’t bring success.

According to Dweck, people with a fixed mindset believe that their success is based on innate ability, so they usually spend their time documenting their intelligence and talents rather than working to improve them. People with a growth mindset, on the other hand, believe that success is based on hard work, learning, training, and perseverance and that talent and intelligence are just the starting point.

Carol Dweck on the importance of “Not Yet”

Developing a growth mindset is vital to developing the resiliency required for success. In this video, Carol Dweck explains that basic human abilities can be grown, and that growth mindsets can be created through careful praise of effort rather than talent. 

Brian Johnson’s Optimal Living 101 | 11:23 min

Brian Johnson of Optimal Living 101 covers six key, myth-busting messages from Dweck’s book about growth versus fixed mindsets. Watch the video to discover whether about whether effort is good and genius is born.


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Lasting Learning was created to bring together the world’s foremost learning scientists with a focus on providing information about the best ways to enhance long-term retention of knowledge and skills across the lifespan. Our goal is to be a valuable and trusted resource for students, teachers, parents, athletes, coaches and anyone else who wants to learn the best ways to learn.

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