If you’re like most people, you probably think you have a pretty good idea about how learning works. And given all your life experiences from birth to now, it makes good sense that you would know how learning works. But if you’re also like most people, you’re probably wrong.

Don’t believe me? Consider the following scenarios, both of which are quite common:

  1. When Cameron studies on campus, he always goes to his favorite corner of the library where it’s nice and quiet.
  2. To improve her free-throw shooting, Ellie shoots 25 free throws in a row at the end of each basketball practice.

Cameron and Ellie are doing reasonable things to help themselves learn, right? I mean, aren’t we drilled over the head from an early age that we should have a designated study area and that getting good at something requires us to do that something over and over? It’s true that studying in the library is better than never studying at all and that practicing free throws is better than never practicing at all, but would it surprise you to know that neither of these strategies is that effective? If you’re going to study, it’s actually better to mix-up where you do it; if you’re going to practice free throws, it’s better to space them apart with time or other activities, and to practice from locations around the free throw line, instead of only shooting from the free throw line itself.

Here’s a couple more: Did you know that taking tests is actually good for learning? Or that forgetting can lead to remembering and that remembering can cause forgetting?  This all sounds crazy, right?!

These examples—along with many others that are discussed on Lasting Learning’s website—illustrate what decades of research on the science of learning and memory tell us: that many of the fundamental principles that trigger lasting learning are unintuitive—sometimes even counterintuitive (why on earth would anyone practice free-throws from anywhere other than the free throw line!). This means that most people are walking around with numerous misconceptions about how learning works and, therefore, that the decisions people make about their own learning (or the teaching of others) are often misguided.

Commenting on the extraordinary yet unintuitive nature of the human learning system, Dr. Robert Bjork, Distinguished Research Professor of Psychology at UCLA and world-renowned expert on human learning and memory, wrote:

“It is a system that is remarkably interesting and effective, if fallible, and it is no less remarkable by virtue of being so frequently unappreciated and misunderstood by the user.”

It stands to reason that if we want to make better decisions about learning—about how to teach math, acquire a foreign language, gain a new skill at work, or improve our golf game—we need to know how learning actually works. To become effective learners, we— students, teachers, athletes, coaches, and parents—need to learn how to learn.

About the Author

Nicholas (Nick) Soderstrom is an expert in human learning and memory. He received his Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology from Colorado State University and is currently working with Drs. Robert and Elizabeth Bjork as a postdoctoral research associate at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research examines how people learn and how people think they learn.

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In 2015, Cameron Broumand, an entrepreneur and father of three living in Los Angeles, stumbled upon a media article on the science of learning. After reading the piece, he realized that the valuable research findings in cognitive psychology and the learning sciences were almost entirely unknown to the public and, more surprisingly, to teachers. How could this be?! Broumand decided to find out, so he called Dr. Robert Bjork, a distinguished research professor at UCLA and one of the world’s leading experts in human learning and memory. After an insightful conversation with Dr. Bjork about the disconnect between research and practice, Broumand recognized an opportunity to improve our educational system. Shortly thereafter, he—along with Clement Mok, an award-winning designer and digital pioneer—founded the company, Lasting Learning. The goal of the company? To provide information to the public about how the science of learning can help transform and improve the way people teach and learn. Broumand asked learning scientists, Dr. Nick Soderstrom and Saskia Giebl, M.Sc. (both of whom were in Bjork’s lab at the time), to join the team. They happily agreed and, with the help of Carri O’Neill, have been giving talks, workshops, and webinars around the country ever since. The UCLA-Lasting Learning team has had the privilege to talk with thousands of teachers, coaches, parents, students, and athletes about how they can leverage the science of learning to enhance their educational practices. We look forward to talking with many more!